We submitted a proposal to the parliamentary parties and the Prime Minister’s Office to develop the Estonian Climate Act that would express the social agreement necessary for fulfilling Estonia’s climate goals. The Estonian state has supported the EU’s climate neutrality goal and the incorporation of that into a regulation. In order to achieve climate neutrality, the entire social arrangement of Estonia has to be thoroughly reorganised, including the reorganisation of and tax policy management in the areas of transport, waste management, construction, agriculture, energy, industry and forestry. There is currently a legal vacuum in the area of climate neutrality in Estonia, which urgently needs to be filled, as the fulfilment of the EU’s climate policy goals requires the regulation of conduct in the Estonian society across sectors as well as the assignment of obligations to specific sectors.
The Climate Act would allow us to clearly and in detail stipulate Estonia’s national and area-specific climate goals, their timeframe, links to other acts, the EU law and international agreements, the climate terminology, appropriate and proportionate restrictions of personal rights and freedoms, the rights and obligations in fulfilling the climate goals, and the necessary standards for ensuring the fulfilment of the rights and obligations.